Bacteriostatic Water for Injection is sterile non-pyrogenic water that contains 0.9% Benzyl Alcohol and %0.9 NaCl. Its main use is to dilute or dissolve medications with a container that can be reentered multiple times, while the benzyl alcohol suppresses or stops the growth of most potentially contaminating bacteria. Bacteriostatic Water is used by athletes and bodybuilders to dilute drugs that can subsequently be administered by intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous injection.
Bacteriostatic Water is a preparation designed solely for parenteral use only after addition of drugs that require dilution or must be dissolved in an aqueous vehicle prior to injection. It is important to know that if Bacteriostatic Water is injected intravenously without any diluted compound, it may cause some red blood cell lysis and several side effects that include fever, abscess formation, venous thrombosis or phlebitis, tissue necrosis, and infections.